Cambridge Healthtech Institute’s Fourth Annual
Enhancing Antibody Binding and Specificity
Scientific Strategies for Engineering Biotherapeutic Binding and Specificity
for Next-Generation Antibody Therapeutics
January 10-11, 2017 | Hilton San Diego Bayfront | San Diego, CA
As the industry expands its repertoire of antibody drug products into new therapeutic areas, product formats and protein constructs, the control of antibody/antigen targeting, binding and specificity will take on a new level of importance for researchers
in this field. The second meeting in the Peptalk Protein Engineering & Development pipeline, Enhancing Antibody Binding and Specificity, presents innovative approaches to the modulation of binding activity, mechanism of action and difficult target
challenges such as transmembrane proteins and intracellular targeting.
TUESDAY, JANUARY 10
1:00 pm Conference Registration
1:30 Refreshment Break in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing
2:00 Chairperson’s Opening Remarks
Javier Chaparro-Riggers, Ph.D., Director, Antibody Technology, Pfizer
2:05 Antibody Generation and Selection: A Very Different Fetal Life
Eric R.F. Meffre, Ph.D., Associate Professor, Immunobiology, Yale University School of Medicine
By studying the B cell selection in human fetuses, we found that central B cell tolerance is already active in both fetal liver and fetal bone marrow. But peripheral B cell tolerance checkpoint was not yet functional in 3-4 month old fetuses that virtually
lacked T cells. Fetal restricted V(D)J recombination may play an important role in restraining autoimmunity in the absence of a peripheral B cell tolerance checkpoint.
2:45 Toward an Integrated Biosensor Platform to Support Biotherapeutic Discovery
Kerry Kelleher, MS, MSCIS, Senior Principal Scientist, Biomedicines Design, Pfizer
We have established an integrated, complementary set of biosensor platforms to enable the efficient selection of lead antibody candidates. This presentation will highlight examples using parallel processing of the OctetRED384 to expedite epitope binning
and off-rate ranking; high throughput Biacore 4000 to facilitate screening hundreds of antibody candidates; Biacore T200 to provide flexibility, sensitivity, and accuracy; and KinExA to determine solution equilibrium KDs of ultra-high affinity leads.
3:15 Computational Approaches in Antibody Design: Identifying and Reducing Liabilities Early in the Discovery Process
David Pearlman, Ph.D., Senior Principal Scientist, Schrödinger
Computational tools that can be used in the optimization process for putative antibody drug candidates have greatly improved in the past several years. Using the BioLuminate software platform, we describe both how these calculations can be utilized
for workflowed triage among multiple candidates, and how tools such as FEP can be used to suggest sequence engineering that can ameliorate identified liabilities such as aggregation propensity while maintaining affinity and stability.
3:45 Refreshment Break in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing
4:30 Broad Epitope Coverage of a Human In Vitro Antibody Library
Arvind Sivasubramanian, Ph.D., Senior Scientist, Computational Biology, Adimab
We describe a collaborative industrial effort that characterized the epitope diversity of a human in vitro library by performing high-throughput epitope binning experiments on an array-based SPR imager. By including a subset of literature clones with
crystallographically-defined epitopes, we inferred that the library’s epitope coverage overlapped with, and extended beyond, the known structural epitopes. We demonstrate how advances in label-free analytical methods can guide the discovery
of therapeutic antibodies.
5:00 Epitope Binning and Characterization at the Early Stages of Therapeutic Antibody Discovery
Sam Wu, Ph.D., Principal Scientist, Biologics Research, Janssen BioTherapeutics
High-throughput epitope binning can be employed with functional activity screens, enabling the rapid identification of leads that exhibit functional epitopes. To characterize the initial panel of phage-derived antibodies, a label-free, array-based
SPR imager was performed. The mapping results, together with relative affinity and functional activities, allowed the selection of lead candidates for testing in vivo. Data suggests that affinity and killing
capacity are correlated, but epitope determines killing capacity.
5:30 Close of Day
WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 11
8:00 am Conference Registration and Morning Coffee
8:30 Chairperson’s Remarks
David A. Scheinberg, M.D., Ph.D., Vincent Astor Chair and Chairman, Molecular Pharmacology Program, Sloan Kettering Institute
8:35 Optimizing T-Cell Engaging Full Length Bispecific Antibodies
Javier Chaparro-Riggers, Ph.D., Director, Antibody Technology, Pfizer
Pfizer developed a T-cell engaging antibody platform, which allows the formation of full length human IgG1 and IgG2 antibodies in vitro or in vivo. The effect of IgG isotype
and affinities of the T-cell- and tumor antigen-targeting arm were explored and optimized.
9:05 Enhancing Tumor-Targeting Selectivity by Modulating Bispecific Antibody’s Binding Affinity and Format Valence
Yariv Mazor, Ph.D., Senior Scientist, Antibody Discovery & Protein Engineering, MedImmune LLC
Dual targeting is believed to enhance biological efficacy, limit escape mechanisms, and increase target selectivity via a strong avidity effect mediated by concurrent binding of the bsAb to both antigens on the surface of the same cell.
However, factors that regulate the extent of target selectivity are not well understood and are often overlooked. We show that dual targeting alone is not sufficient to promote efficient target selectivity and report the pivotal role
played by the intrinsic affinity of the individual arms, overall avidity and format valence.
9:35 Rapid and Extensive Epitope Fingerprinting of Monoclonal and Polyclonal Antibodies
Michael Szardenings, Ph.D., Head, Ligand Development Unit, Fraunhofer Institute
for Cell Therapy and Immunology
This Rapid epitope fingerprinting is based on a novel peptide phage display in combination with NGS. Applied to mABs or antibody pools in sera this allows to identify up to hundreds of enriched individual antigen epitope motifs. Their
compilation results in a detailed fingerprint of an antibody’s recognition pattern. It is an excellent tool for antibody development, QC or studies of the antibody immunome for vaccines, allergies or autoimmune disease.
10:05 Coffee Break in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing
10:50 Targeting Undruggable Proteins with Antibodies
David A. Scheinberg, M.D., Ph.D., Vincent Astor Chair and Chairman, Molecular Pharmacology
Program, Sloan Kettering Institute
Many important mutated or oncogenic proteins are not expressed on the cell surface, nor are these proteins druggable by small molecules. TCR mimic mAb (TCRm) can bind to peptides from intracellular targets in the context of HLA on the
cell surface, even at extremely low density. Such TCRm mAb are effective in preclinical models of cancer. Issues related to efficacy, pharmacology, toxicity, and resistance to these approaches will be discussed.
11:20 Intracellular Targets for Cancer Immunotherapy
Bryan Zimdahl, Ph.D., Research Scientist, Preclinical Development, Eureka Therapeutics, Inc.
Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapies for solid tumors have made little progress. A key challenge facing CAR T therapies for solid tumors is that the majority of specific markers for solid tumors are intracellular/secreted proteins
and therefore, inaccessible by conventional antibodies/CARs. We will discuss Eureka’s unique approach to targeting intracellular proteins and demonstrate CAR T-cell therapy can be used to target these proteins for the treatment
of solid tumors.
11:50 iTAbs for Therapeutic Regulation of Intracellular Targets
Heehyoung Lee, Ph.D., Director, Target Discovery and Validatiown, LA Cell, Inc.
Up to now, antibody-based therapies could only reach proteins on the cell surface. However, most disease-causing molecules are located within the cells. To address current unmet clinical needs, LA Cell developed iTAbs, intracellular targeting
antibodies which efficiently cross the cell membrane. Using various approaches, the efficacy of iTAbs in binding to the intended targets and in blocking effector pathways was demonstrated, supporting the feasibility of using iTAbs
for targeted therapies.
12:20 pm Targeting an Intracellular Hematologic Antigen Using a TCR-like Antibody
Gheath Alatrash, DO, Ph.D., Associate Professor, Stem Cell Transplantation. The University
of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
Antibodies that are currently used therapeutically target large cell-surface molecules that are expressed preferentially, but no exclusively, by tumor cells. One approach to improve cancer specificity of antibody therapy is to use antibodies
that target intracellular antigens, as many of these antigens may be specific for the malignant cells. T-cell receptor mimic (TCRm) antibodies compose a class of antibodies that target peptide/HLA and are a promising tool for cancer
12:50 Session Break
1:00 Luncheon Presentation I: High-Resolution Epitope Mapping and Specificity Profiling of mAbs Targeting Complex Proteins
Joseph Rucker, Ph.D., Vice President, Research & Development, Integral Molecular
Integral Molecular specializes in characterizing antibodies against complex targets, including GPCRs, ion channels, and transporters. Our Shotgun Mutagenesis technology rapidly maps conformational antibody epitopes at single-amino acid
resolution using comprehensive mutagenesis and cellular-expression with >95% success, generating critical IP and detailed mechanistic insights. Our Membrane Proteome Array enables safety analysis of antibodies by testing each antibody
against an expression array of 4,500 structurally-intact membrane proteins, providing a comprehensive assessment of off-target antibody interactions.
1:30 Luncheon Presentation II (Sponsorship Opportunity Available)
2:00 Chairperson’s Remarks
Tilman Schlothauer, Ph.D., Principal Scientist, Biochemical and Analytical Research, Large Molecule Research, Roche Pharma Research and Early Development (pRED), Roche Innovation Center Penzberg
2:05 In vivo Imaging of Probody™ Activation at the Tumor Site
Olga Vasiljeva, Ph.D., Associate Director, Head, Protease Biology, CytomX Therapeutics
Probody therapeutics are fully recombinant antibody prodrugs that are converted to active antibodies by tumor-associated proteases, thereby minimizing toxicity while maximizing anti-tumor activity. Using NIR optical imaging in combination
with antigen or protease activity blocking approaches, activation of Probody therapeutics at the tumor site was demonstrated for multiple programs, supporting the concept of Probody therapeutics for the treatment of cancer.
2:35 Analyzing Specificity and Valency of Antibody Binding by Cell-Free Assays
Tilman Schlothauer, Ph.D., Principal Scientist, Biochemical and Analytical Research,
Large Molecule Research, Roche Pharma Research and Early Development (pRED), Roche Innovation Center Penzberg
Protein-protein interactions can be difficult to evaluate by the classical 1:1 langmuir binding model. Next to the bivalency of wild type IgG scaffolds, the heterogeneity of antibody preparations prevents a meaningful evaluation of
surface plasmon resonance data in many cases. An additional difficulty is hidden in the nature of surface-based protein-protein interaction determinations. Here we will show a case study on how to circumvent such problems.
3:05 Highly Efficient Sweeping Antibody Using Novel Engineering Technology
Atsuhiko Maeda, Ph.D., Research Scientist, Pharmaceutical Technology, Chugai Pharmaceutical
In this presentation, we will introduce novel sweeping antibody technology that enables highly efficient elimination of soluble antigens from plasma. The novel technology can be applied to various antigens, and these antibodies
can efficiently eliminate the antigens from plasma in cynomolgus monkey by >1000-fold compared to conventional antibodies, and allow targeting antigens present in very high concentrations in plasma.
3:35 Refreshment Break in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing
4:30 Achieving Selectivity Using Dual Targeting Bispecific Antibodies
Nicolas Fischer, Ph.D., Director, Research, NovImmune SA
Cell surface receptors involved in diseases such as cancer are often also expressed on healthy cells, limiting the therapeutic window of drugs. We have developed a series of bispecific antibodies enabling selective targeting on
tumor cells of CD47, a ubiquitously expressed checkpoint molecule. The mode of action relies on co-engagement of two receptors at the cell surface, as well as on different affinities of the two arms of the bispecific antibody.
5:00 Computationally Driven Identification of Antibody Epitopes
Chris Bailey-Kellogg, Ph.D., Professor, Computer Science, Dartmouth
We have developed an epitope mapping method that, given an antibody sequence, computationally designs and experimentally evaluates targeted mutations to the antigen in order to test predictions of possible antibody binding
modes. Retrospective tests, along with prospective application to a tumor cell ligand and binding antibody of unknown binding mode, demonstrate that the method can in general successfully localize an epitope with only a
small set of mutagenesis experiments.
6:20-7:20 Reception in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing
7:20 Close of Conference